An air compressor is basically a compressor that captures air and increases the amount of air in a particular space at atmospheric air compressor pressure and delivers it at a higher pressure. By contracting the air inside, the air pressure is increased which in turn creates energy that is useful for various industrial, manufacturing, commercial or personal purposes.
Air compressors are more essential than merely pumping up tires. These adaptable tools can also power nail guns, spray guns, and many other tools and machinery. The functionality of these machines is like lungs of the human respiratory system. For example, when you take a deep breath to blow out candles on your birthday, you’re increasing the air pressure comprising in your lungs. Similarly, air compressors effectively use the force of air to produce energy for various equipments.
Following are the types of air compressors:
o Piston-Type Compressors
These type of compressors have in-built tanks which store compressed air. The motor automatically shuts down when the pressure in the tank crosses a particular set level. As the air is used up from that tank, the pressure inside falls down and the motor starts to rebuild the pressure again. The specified pressure settings can be adjustable to the operator’s requirements accordingly.
There are mainly two kinds of piston compressors:
o Single-Stage Compressors
These type of piston compressors have only one piston that compresses and releases air to the in-built storage tank. Single-stage compressors are usually utilized by home users with a maximum level of 150 pounds of pressure per square inch, essentially meant for light-duty compressors.
o Two Stage Compressors
Unlike single-stage compressors, such compressors include two pistons that compress and release air to the storage tank. The first piston compresses the air and passes it to the second piston, through a check valve and the second one compresses air even further and eventually delivers it to the storage tank.